learning challenges

Challenges to learning

Developmental delays means a child is continually behind in gaining the skills he or she is expected to reach. Early detection and intervention then becomes the key to helping children  "catch-up" on their skills. Developmental delays that go undetected before the age of three makes it all the more difficult for children to catch up before they start Kindergarten. And depending on the delay, the child may need help after they enter the public school system. 


An undiagnosed delay can affect a child's ability to perform certain tasks. If a 5 year-old has an undiagnosed fine motor delay he or she may have a difficult time holding a pencil. They may lack the strength and coordination for a proper pencil grasp. The development for writing starts a lot earlier than you think in children. From the time your child starts grasping for objects with their hands, they are developing pencil grasp. Typical Pencil Grasp Development for Writing


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1. Dyslexia

Dyslexia is a specific learning disability in reading. Kids with dyslexia have trouble reading accurately and fluently. They may also have trouble with reading comprehension, spelling, and writing.

2. ADHD
ADHD is a common condition that impacts focus, self-control, and other skills important in daily life. It’s caused by differences in brain anatomy and wiring, and it often runs in families.  

3. Dyscalculia
Dyscalculia is a learning disability in math. Kids with dyscalculia can have trouble with quantities and concepts like bigger and smaller. They may also struggle with math symbols and more complex math. Having dyscalculia doesn’t mean kids aren’t smart. But they may have a hard time applying what they know to solve math problems.

4. Dysgraphia
If your child has writing difficulties, dysgraphia could be the underlying cause. Tasks like holding a pencil and tracing letters can be very difficult for some young learners. 


5. Auditory Processing Disorder
Auditory processing disorder (also known as central auditory processing disorder or CAPD) is a condition that makes it hard for kids to recognize subtle differences between sounds in words. It affects their ability to process what other people are saying. Here are the signs of auditory processing disorder (APD) and suggestions for how you can help your child.

These five learning disabilities can manifest with varying degrees of severity. It's also possible that some students may deal with more than one. Identifying the disability is critical for success in the classroom. 


Sources: understood.org