"What happens in early childhood can matter for a lifetime. To successfully manage our society’s future, we must recognize problems and address them before they get worse. In early childhood, research on the biology of stress shows how major adversity, such as extreme poverty, abuse, or neglect can weaken developing brain architecture and permanently set the body’s stress response system on high alert. Science also shows that providing stable, responsive, nurturing relationships in the earliest years of life can prevent or even reverse the damaging effects of early life stress, with lifelong benefits for learning, behavior, and health." Source

The Dynamics of Family Violence

The Link

Family violence is when one family or household member physically harms or emotionally abuses another family or household member. A spouse or a partner, a man or a woman can experience family violence. Family members, such as children who witness family violence, are also considered victims. Family violence can take different forms such as:

Physical abuse (hitting or using a weapon).
Sexual abuse (rape or any unwanted sexual contact).
Emotional abuse (threats or humiliation).
Financial abuse (controlling a person’s money without their permission).

Teen dating violence is when someone is violent or abusive toward their romantic or intimate partner. Dating violence can also take many forms, such as emotional and verbal abuse, physical abuse and sexual abuse. Source


​Child maltreatment during infancy and early childhood has been shown to negatively affect child development, including brain and cognitive development, attachment, and academic achievement. Child abuse and neglect can have enduring physical, intellectual, and psychological repercussions into adolescence and adulthood. Source

FAMILY CODE TITLE 4. PROTECTIVE ORDERS AND FAMILY VIOLENCE SUBTITLE A. GENERAL PROVISIONS CHAPTER 71. DEFINITIONS

Sec. 71.004.  FAMILY VIOLENCE.  "Family violence" means:

(1)  an act by a member of a family or household against another member of the family or household that is intended to result in physical harm, bodily injury, assault, or sexual assault or that is a threat that reasonably places the member in fear of imminent physical harm, bodily injury, assault, or sexual assault, but does not include defensive measures to protect oneself;
(2)  abuse, as that term is defined by Sections 261.001(1)(C), (E), (G), (H), (I), (J), (K), and (M), by a member of a family or household toward a child of the family or household; or
(3)  dating violence, as that term is defined by Section 71.0021.
Sec. 71.005.  HOUSEHOLD.  "Household" means a unit composed of persons living together in the same dwelling, without regard to whether they are related to each other.
Sec. 71.006.  MEMBER OF A HOUSEHOLD.  "Member of a household" includes a person who previously lived in a household.

Definition